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PAT minimizes regulatory concerns around 3D-printed medicines

19/06/2019 12:18:53
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ImagesClick Image for 300dpi jpg filePAT minimizes regulatory concerns around 3D-printed medicinesPAT minimizes regulatory concerns around 3D-printed medicines

Three-dimensional (3D) printing is revealing its potential in the pharmaceutical industry as it turns personalized medicine into reality. In fact, additive manufacturing has the unique ability to deliver quickly, flexibly and economically set amounts of patient-specific drugs with bespoke properties, such as formulations, dosages or geometries. To achieve that and meet strict regulatory requirements, the pharmaceutical industry needs to set-up solid Quality by Design (QbD) strategies and process analytical technologies (PAT).

Martin Gadsby, Director at Optimal Industrial Technologies, looks at how PAT is key to success in additive manufacturing of drugs.

3D printing is a gamechanger in drug manufacturing, as it gives industries the ability to fully customize medicines - mostly oral solid dosage forms - with realistic production costs. In this way, patients can be treated with more specific dosages and drug combinations that fully address their needs. Even more, this technology empowers pharmaceutical industries to develop medicines with sophisticated bio-functional constructs, which are not achievable with traditional manufacturing practices.

The methods used to produce 3D-printed drugs, or “printlets”, conform to conventional additive manufacturing technologies, such as inkjet printing or fused deposition modelling (FDM). In these systems, the product is often built by depositing highly accurate doses of material layer by layer, until a 3D shape is formed. As a result, reproducibility is a key feature and conventional pharmaceutical manufacturing operations, such as milling, granulating or compressing, do not take place in additive manufacturing.

Instead, in FDM, manufacturers first design a 3D theoretical drug model. Secondly, they choose appropriate printing process parameters, such as layer thickness, extruder diameter, base plate, extruder temperature, printing and extrusion speed. Subsequently, the 3D printing machine reads the models and executes the commands in order to produce the final product.

Therefore, to deliver personalized medicaments with specific drug properties, manufacturers must have a thorough understanding of the different 3D printing processes involved and how they affect the final drug attributes. In this way, they can plan, control and fine-tune the relevant mechanisms to suit.

QbD is a prerequisite for precision medicine

Process understanding and monitoring, typical of additive manufacturing of pharmaceuticals, are also the foundations of QbD. This model focuses on designing quality into a product from the earliest stages of planning - controlling critical process parameters (CPPs) at any point on the manufacturing line in order to affect the drug’s critical quality attributes (CQAs). In this way, manufacturers can be certain that the end product satisfies a set pharmacological specification and complies with regulatory requirements.

Whilst the processes involved in 3D printing of pharmaceuticals greatly differ from traditional preparations, the PAT process used to support the QbD approach remains the same. More precisely, multivariate non-destructive analysis, such as colorimetry, chemical hyperspectral imaging, infrared, near-infrared and Raman spectroscopy, can be integrated in the printing system as in-line, real-time quality control tools. In this way, drug manufacturers can monitor CQAs and adjust CPPs accordingly.

In order to efficiently monitor the 3D printing line and delivery accurate personalized medicines, it is important to implement a system that can gather, analyze and store analytical and process measurements. Then use these to create and validate models, generate predictions based on these models and provide feedback to the 3D printing system. In this way, manufacturers are empowered with clear actionable insights.

What is called for is a PAT knowledge management tool, a leading solution being Optimal’s synTQ. This is used by over half of the top ten global pharmaceutical manufacturing companies, as it offers a regulatory-compliant, user-friendly platform to detect when a process is moving out of its optimum operating window and correct the relevant CPPs live and in-process.

Taking drug 3D printing to the next level

PAT is fundamental to making this a quantum leap in 3D printing of medicines. In fact, this technology is not limited to batch processing, as continuous additive manufacturing, whilst in its infancy, can also be implemented. By adopting this continuous manufacturing approach, 3-D printers can reduce production times and costs even further by enabling the real-time release of regulatory compliant drugs.

To shift from batch to continuous printing, it is necessary to install reliable and robust PAT along the entire system. In this way, CQAs of each single personalized drug can be monitored at all times. A consequence of continuous manufacturing is the generation of even larger volumes of process data. Therefore, PAT knowledge management platforms, such as synTQ, hold an even more central role.

Additive manufacturing is beginning to gain interest among the pharmaceutical industry, as its opportunities, benefits and successes become more and more apparent. As its visibility increases and its technology matures, especially strengthening the continuous processing capabilities, its adoption will become ever more widespread. So will PAT, which is already becoming a new industry standard, as this is the key tool to ensure that personalized drugs fulfil their specific pharmacological and regulatory requirements. By choosing a well-accepted PAT knowledge management software tool like synTQ, additive manufacturers can call on a solid, customizable solution to build new production processes upon.

Photo Captions:

Photo 1: In order to efficiently monitor the 3D printing line and delivery accurate personalized medicines, it is important to implement a system that can gather, analyze and store analytical and process measurements.

Photo 2: 3D printing is a gamechanger in drug manufacturing, as it gives industries the ability to fully customize medicines - mostly oral solid dosage forms - with realistic production costs.

About Optimal Industrial Technologies Ltd

Within the Optimal group, we have more than 30 years’ experience in the automation and optimisation of control and data management systems for the food, chemical, pharmaceutical, biotech, life science and other process industries.

The demands being placed on manufacturers in relation to getting products to market sooner, minimising development and production costs together with increasing product quality and business sustainability are ever increasing. Our primary aim is to deliver measurable improvements in all these target areas.

In addition to practical automation and system integration expertise, Optimal Industrial Technologies has also developed the world-leading PAT Knowledge Management software platform – synTQ® – which is used by over 60% of the world’s leading pharmaceutical and biotech companies, and is now being adopted by other process industries. synTQ has been a proven enabler of QbD via PAT by significantly increasing productivity and quality, while reducing waste, time to manufacture and time to market for batch and continuous processes.

The image(s) distributed with this press release may only be used to accompany this copy, and are subject to copyright. Please contact DMA Europa if you wish to license the image for further use.

Editor Contact

DMA Europa Ltd. : Chiara Civardi
Tel: +44 (0)1562 751436 Fax: +44 (0)1562 748315

Company Contact

Optimal Industrial Technologies Ltd : Martin Gadsby
Tel: +44 (0) 1173 742 222 Fax: +44 (0) 1454 322 240

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